MOE Sexuality Education in Schools

1.         Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

2.         The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

(i)            To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

(ii)          To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

(iii)         To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

3.         The key messages of Sexuality Education are:

(i)            Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

(ii)          Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);

(iii)         Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

(iv)         Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

You may click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education.

Overview of NorthLight School’s Sexuality Education Programme for 2017

4.         Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.

5.         Topics on sexuality are incorporated in Character and Citizenship Education (CCE), the Family Education component in the school’s NorthLight Programme.

 

Growing Years (GY) Programme:

i.       “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

ii.      “Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

6.         The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

 

7.         Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.

At NorthLight School, the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2017:

Year  1

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD

Unit 1: Puberty

 

1 hour

  • recognise the physical development during puberty in boys and girls
  • recognize the emotional changes at puberty
  • identify ways to cope with their physical & emotional changes

TERM 1 or 3

Unit 2: Personal Hygiene

1 hour

  • understand the importance of personal hygiene
  • demonstrate the ability to maintain personal hygiene

Unit 3:

Body Image

1 hour

  • know the influence of media on body image
  • understand that physical features are only one aspect of our person and identity

Unit 4: Uniquely Me

 

1 hour

  • develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of themselves

 

Unit 5: Healthy Relationships

1 hour

  • define what constitute a healthy relationship
  • explain the need to maintain healthy relationships in the family
  • take steps to build healthy relationships with members of the family

Unit 6: Sexual Abuse

 

1 hour

  • explain what constitutes a sexual act
  • recognize what sexual abuse is and the different types of sexual abuse
  • identify avenues to seek help in the event of an abuse

Unit 7: Touching Others

 

1 hour

  • develop healthy attitudes towards one’s body
  • recognize acceptable and unacceptable ways of touching others

Unit 8:

Love vs Infatuation

1 hour

  • understand that infatuation is temporary and a normal part of growing up
  • appreciate different kinds of love and crushes
  • demonstrate appropriate ways of showing affection towards family, friends, teachers and other adults

TERM 2 or 4

Unit 9:

True Love

1 hour

  • understand what commitment and true love is
Unit 10: Going Steady

1 hour

  • differentiate between love & infatuation
  • recognize why it is not recommended that we go steady at a young age
Unit 11: Cyber Relationships

1 hour

  • express their views about information from the internet and be aware of the potential/ possible dangers of it
  • recognize that one does not need to rely on the internet, particularly online chat portals, to make friends
Unit 12: Gender Stereotype

1 hour

  • define what a gender role is
  • know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his gender role
  • understand societal expectations of gender roles
  • recognize that societal expectations should not restrain personal development
Unit 13: Sexual Identity & Orientation

1 hour

  • demonstrate healthy attitudes towards human sexuality
  • accept one’s uniqueness as a male or female
  • define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
  • recognize the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
Unit 14: Exhibitionism

1 hour

  • know what exhibitionism is
  • show an awareness that exhibitionism is punishable by law
  • know what to do in the presence of an exhibitionist

Year 2

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD

Unit 1:

Dating Violence

 

1 hour

  • recognize what constitutes responsible dating
  • evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or unhealthy
  • demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in dating and romantic relationships

TERM 1 or 3

Unit 2:

Breaking Up

 

1 hour

  • identify why relationships break down
  • identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship
  • know the healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups
  • recognize the need to be respectful and responsible in ending a relationship
  • know ways to seek support when going through a breakdown of relationship and offer support to those going through the same

Unit 3:

Public Display of Affection

1      hour

  • explain why public display of affection are inappropriate

Unit 4:

Petting

 

1 hour

  • distinguish between touching and petting
  • recognize that petting is an act of physical stimulation
  • realize that petting may be perceived differently by different genders
  • take actions to avoid the consequences of arousing one’s physical and emotional desires through petting

Unit 5:

Pre-Marital Sex

 

1 hour

  • differentiate what constitutes a sexual act/ sexual relationship
  • distinguish sex as an expression of love between a married couple and sex to satisfy a physical need

Unit 6:

Legal Issues

1 hour

  • understand why pre-marital and underage sex are punishable by law

Unit 7:

Teenage Pregnancy

1 hour

  • understand the consequences of teenage pregnancy
  • identify sources to seek help and support from when faced with teenage pregnancy

Unit 8:

Abortion

 

1 hour

  • explain the process of abortion
  • recognize the effects of abortion

TERM 2 or 4

Unit 9:

Sexual Health

 

1 hour

  • explain the need to take responsibility for their sexual health
  • recognize the signs and symptoms of  AIDS & STIs and the complications
  • recognize how STIs/STDs can be transmitted

Unit 10:

Sexual Abstinence

 

1 hour

  • recognize that respect and responsible decision making are important in relationships
  • recognize the value of sexual abstinence before marriage

Unit 11: Contraception

 

1 hour

  • state the various contraception methods and describe their side effects
  • take steps to protect oneself against the potentially harmful consequences of sexual relationships like STDs and adolescent pregnancy

Unit 12: Temptation

 

1 hour

  • recognize the sources of temptation and situations that can lead to pre-marital sex
  • resist pressure to engage in sexual activities

Unit 13:

Online Encounters

 

1 hour

  • express their views about information from the internet and be aware of the potential/ possible dangers of it

Unit 14: Pornography

 

1 hour

  • know what is considered pornographic material on the Internet under the Internet code of practice
  • reflect on the legal consequences of sexual behavior and include these considerations in their decision-making pertaining to pornography

Unit 15: Masturbation

 

1      hour

  • know what masturbation
  • understand the unhealthy consequences of excessive masturbation
  • know some ways to cope with the feelings and urge to masturbate

 

Year 3

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD

Unit 1:

Marriage

 

1 hour

  • define what cohabitation is and evaluate the consequences of cohabitation
  • recognize that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
  • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in a marriage
  • evaluate the consequences of divorce on the family members

Term 1 or 3

Unit 2:

Family

 

1 hour

  • distinguish differences in family types and the structural roles of family members
  • understand that each family performs the same basic functions of providing love, protection, guidance and support
  • recognize the importance of not stereotyping according to gender in the family

Unit 3: eTeens Lesson 1 –  Decision Making

 

1 hour

  • understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse
  • realize that decision-making is a process that can be learnt
  • understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one’s sexual health
  • learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health.

Unit 4: eTeens Lesson 2 – Assertiveness

 

1 hour

  • understand what assertive behaviour is
  • practise responding to persuasion assertively

Unit 5: eTeens Lesson 3 – Negotiation

 

1 hour

  • practise negotiating one’s way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2
  • learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situations to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour

Unit 6:

Acts of Innocence

·         express their views on online and offline interactions and be aware of the potential/ possible dangers

Unit 7:

Online Self-Disclosure

·         recognize the potential/ possible dangers of online self-disclosure

eTeensProgramme:

8.         eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

9.         Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At NorthLight School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2017:

Topics/Lessons

Programme Learning Objectives

Time Period

Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor ·         Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS

·         Modes of transmission

·         Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used

·         Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

Term 3

Classroom-based Lesson 1: Decision-Making ·         Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse

·         Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt

·         Understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one’s sexual health

·         Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health

Term 1 or 3

Classroom-based Lesson 2: Assertiveness ·         Understand what assertive behaviour is

·         Practise responding to persuasion assertively

 

Classroom-based Lesson 3:

Negotiation

·         Practise negotiating one’s way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2

·         Learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situations to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour

Information for Parents

10.       Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programmeneed to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year upon request and is downloadable here. A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 15 January 2017.

12.       Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeensprogramme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents upon request and is also downloadable here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 15 July 2017.

13.       Parents can contact the school at 6580 6490 or Northlight@ite.edu.sg for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.

14.       Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should also contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.